Checkmate international dating
The objective is to checkmate the opponent's king by placing it under an inescapable threat of capture.To this end, a player's pieces are used to attack and capture the opponent's pieces, while supporting each other.By convention, chess game pieces are divided into white and black sets.Each set consists of 16 pieces: one king, one queen, two rooks, two bishops, two knights, and eight pawns.The pieces assumed their current powers in Spain in the late 15th century; the modern rules were standardized in the 19th century. Each player begins with 16 pieces: one king, one queen, two rooks, two knights, two bishops, and eight pawns.Each piece type moves differently, with the most powerful being the queen and the least powerful the pawn.During the game, play typically involves pieces for the opponent's similar pieces, and finding and engineering opportunities to trade advantageously or to get a better position.
The rise of strong chess engines runnable on hand-held devices has led to increasing concern about cheating during tournaments.
Chaturanga is also the likely ancestor of the Eastern strategy games xiangqi (Chinese chess), janggi (Korean chess), and shogi (Japanese chess).
Chess reached Europe by the 9th century, due to the Umayyad conquest of Hispania.
A piece is moved to either an unoccupied square or one occupied by an opponent's piece, which is captured and removed from play.
With the sole exception of en passant, all pieces capture by moving to the square that the opponent's piece occupies.